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1 jfenwick 4383 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2     % Copyright (c) 2012-2013 by University of Queensland
3     % http://www.uq.edu.au
4     %
5     % Primary Business: Queensland, Australia
6     % Licensed under the Open Software License version 3.0
7     % http://www.opensource.org/licenses/osl-3.0.php
8     %
9     % Development until 2012 by Earth Systems Science Computational Center (ESSCC)
10     % Development since 2012 by School of Earth Sciences
11     %
12     %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
14     % Notes about compilers
16     \chapter{Installing from Source}\label{chap:source}
18 jfenwick 4440 This chapter assumes you are using a unix/posix like system.
20 jfenwick 4439 \section{Intro}
22 jfenwick 4383 Some initial questions:
23     \begin{enumerate}
24 caltinay 4491 \item Are you using MacOS? (If not, then skip to Section~\ref{sec:par}).
25 jfenwick 4383 \item Which parallel technologies do you wish to use?
26     \item Which packaging system are you using?
27     \end{enumerate}
30 jfenwick 4439
31     \subsection{MacOS and compilers}
32 jfenwick 4383 \emph{This information is as accurate as far as we can tell at time of writing but things may change.}
34     In order to install \escript from source, you need a compiler.
35     This is a bit harder on MacOS than on other systems which either provide a compiler as part of the base install (BSD) or allow
36     people to download one as part of the install process (Linux).
37     In earlier releases of its operating system (``Snow Leopard'' and earlier), Apple included an optional ``developer tools'' package (\texttt{XCode}) on the install media.
38     For more recent releases, \texttt{XCode} is available for ``free'' from Apple's application store.
39     Why ``free''?
40     The only way to access the application store is with an AppleID which requires either:
41     \begin{itemize}
42     \item purchasing an iTunes gift card.
43     \item giving Apple access to your credit card.
44     \item signing up as an Apple developer\footnote{If you do this you can download a ``command line tools'' package
45     which installs the relevant compilers without needing to install all of \texttt{XCode}.} and giving up personal information.
46     \end{itemize}
48     If you install \texttt{XCode}, you will need to download the ``command line tools'' optional package [see \texttt{XCode} documentation for details].
50 caltinay 4491 There are also a number of projects on the net which aim to deliver compilers for MacOS.
51     Use at your own risk.
52 jfenwick 4383 For example:
53     \begin{itemize}
54     \item \url{http://hpc.sourceforge.net}
55     \item \url{http://kennethreitz.org/experiments/xcode-gcc-and-homebrew}
56     \end{itemize}
59 caltinay 4491 \subsection{Parallel Technologies}\label{sec:par}
60 jfenwick 4383 It is extremely likely that the computer you run \escript on, will have more than one processor core.
61     \escript can make use of multiple cores [in order to solve problems more quickly] if it is told to do so,
62     but this functionality must be enabled at compile time.
64     There are two technologies which \escript can employ here.
65     \begin{itemize}
66     \item OpenMP -- more efficient of the two [thread level parallelism].
67     \item MPI -- Uses multiple processes (less efficient), needs less help from the compiler.
68     \end{itemize}
70     Escript is primarily tested on recent versions of the GNU or Intel suites (``gcc, g++'' / ``icc, icpc'').
71     However, it also passes our tests when compiled using ``clang, clang++''.
72     The table below shows what methods are available with which compilers.
74     \begin{center}
75     \begin{tabular}{|l|c|c|c|}\hline
76     & Serial & OpenMP & MPI \\\hline
77     $\leq$ gcc-4.2.1 & \checkmark & \raisebox{-0.1cm}{\footnotemark}& \checkmark \\\hline
78     gcc (recent $\geq 4.3.2$) & \checkmark& \checkmark& \checkmark \\\hline
79     icc(10) & \checkmark& \checkmark& \checkmark \\\hline
80     icc(11) & \checkmark& \raisebox{-0.1cm}{\footnotemark} &\checkmark \\\hline
81     icc(12) & \checkmark& \checkmark&\checkmark \\\hline
82     clang & \checkmark& & \checkmark\\\hline
83     \end{tabular}
84     \end{center}
85     \addtocounter{footnote}{-1}
86     \footnotetext{The \openmp support in gcc-4.2.1 is buggy/non-functional.}
87     \addtocounter{footnote}{1}
88     \footnotetext{There is a subtle bug in icc-11 when \openmp and c++ exception handling
89     are combined.}
91     \noindent Where both \openmp and \mpi are marked, \escript can be compiled with either or both.
92     A \checkmark mark means that combination passes our tests.
96 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{Packaging System}
97 jfenwick 4383 The packaging system (also known as the package manager) is the tool you use to search for and install new open source software.
98     For Linux, there will be one set up by default: the apt tools on Debian and Ubuntu, yast on Suse, yum on the RedHat family.
99     On BSD systems this will be a combination of \texttt{pkg_add} and the \texttt{ports} tree.
101     For MacOS, this is a bit more tricky.
102 caltinay 4491 There are a number of possible systems including \texttt{macports} and \texttt{homebrew}\footnote{There is also \texttt{fink},
103     but we have not experimented with that.}, but they do not come pre-installed so if you want to make use of one you will need
104     you will need to install it.
105 jfenwick 4383
106     Packaging systems will make changes to your computer based on programs configured by other people from
107     various places around the internet.
108     It is important to satisfy yourself as to the security of those systems.
110 jfenwick 4440 If you are using Linux or have decided that you don't want to use OpenMP skip to Section~\ref{sec:build}.
111 jfenwick 4383
112 jfenwick 4451 \subsubsection*{Changing Compilers on MacOS and BSD}
113 jfenwick 4383 \emph{Not for the faint-hearted.}
115     In order to use OpenMP, your compiler must support it.
116     The compilers provided in Apple's package and BSD do not support OpenMP.
117 jfenwick 4451 \texttt{Clang} has no support for it at all, while \texttt{GCC4.2.1} has some,
118     but it does not work very well\footnote{Rejects valid code, crashes etc}.
119 jfenwick 4383 You can use the packaging system to install a more up to date version of \texttt{gcc}.
120     However, you will need to install a number of other dependencies in order for escript to operate.
121 caltinay 4491 If these dependencies end up fighting over which versions of libraries to use, there will be problems.
122 jfenwick 4451 \footnote{For example: Trying to use two versions of \texttt{Python} in the same program
123     or two versions of the \texttt{c++} standard library.}
124 jfenwick 4383 To avoid this, if you are intend to change the compiler or python versions, you should install the new compiler first,
125     then the new version of python.
126     After this, you can install the other dependencies.
127 caltinay 4491 \emph{Please note that none of the Mac based package managers nor BSD recommend changing the default $C$ compiler so
128 jfenwick 4383 do so at your own risk. If you want OpenMP though, there does not seem to be a choice.}
130 caltinay 4491 The following steps seemed to work when we tested them but we cannot make guarantees.
132 jfenwick 4383 \subsubsection*{Changing compiler on FreeBSD(9.1)}
133     The following sequence passes our unit tests under OpenMP.
134     \begin{itemize}
135     \item Install \texttt{gcc46} from ports.
136     \item Modify \texttt{/etc/make.conf} to set the default compiler to be \texttt{gcc46}
137     \item Install the remaining dependencies.
138     \item Configure \escript to build with \openmp.
139     \end{itemize}
141     We chose version $4.6$ rather than a later one because one of the optional dependencies (scipy) will try to install it anyway.
143     \subsection*{Changing compiler on MacPorts}
144     The following sequence passes our unit tests under OpenMP.
145     \begin{itemize}
146     \item \texttt{port install gcc47}
147     \item Set the default compiler for the command line with: \texttt{port select --set gcc mp-gcc47}
148 jfenwick 4451 \item Set the default compiler for macports by adding the following line to \hfill~\linebreak[4] \file{/opt/local/etc/macports/macports.conf}:
149 jfenwick 4383 \begin{shellCode}
150     #Added by user to coerce macports into using a newer compiler
151     default_compiler macports-gcc-4.7
152     \end{shellCode}
153     \item Now install the remainder of the dependencies using \texttt{port -s install X}.
154     This will build them from source rather than downloading precompiled versions.
155     (This will unfortunately mean larger downloads.).
156     In some cases, some dependencies will not build properly from source.
157     In those cases(where XYZ is the dependency that fails to build), \texttt{port clean XYZ} then \texttt{port install XYZ}.
158     Then \emph{try to install the rest from source}.
160     Installing from source via macports is necessary to convince macports to link against the libraries provided by
161     your new compiler rather than the default one.
162     \end{itemize}
167     \subsection*{Changing compiler on Homebrew}
168     There is no configuration file that needs to be changed in order to use a different compiler.
169     You do need to do things in the correct order and make sure that you have made any required changes to
170     your environment variables before moving on to the next step.
171 caltinay 4491 In particular, the compiler must be installed before anything else, followed by Python.
172 jfenwick 4383
174 jfenwick 4384 % make it clear that escript can be customised to use whatever you have
175 jfenwick 4383
176 jfenwick 4384 %Should include optional customisation
177 jfenwick 4383
178 jfenwick 4384 %Talk about options_files and the ability to specify them
179 jfenwick 4383
180 jfenwick 4384 %talk about -j1 and replacing it with more ops
181     %Talk about installation prefix
182 jfenwick 4383
183 jfenwick 4384 %also note that this doesn't build the doco but we do have downloads for that or you can install extra packages
184 jfenwick 4383
185 jfenwick 4440 \section{Building}\label{sec:build}
186 jfenwick 4383
187 jfenwick 4439 To simplify things for people, we have prepared \texttt{_options.py} files for a number of
188     systems\footnote{These are correct a time of writing but later versions of those systems may require tweaks.
189     Also, these systems represent a cross section of possible platforms rather than meaning those systems get particular support.}.
190 jfenwick 4440 If your particular system is not in the above list, or if you want a more customised
191     build\footnote{for example, you want MPI functionality or you wish to use a different compiler},
192 jfenwick 4439 see Section~\ref{sec:othersrc} for instructions.
193     \begin{itemize}
194     \item Debian - \ref{sec:debsrc}
195     \item Ubuntu - \ref{sec:ubsrc}
196     \item OpenSuse - \ref{sec:susesrc}
197     \item Centos - \ref{sec:centossrc}
198     \item Fedora - \ref{sec:fedorasrc}
199     \item MacOS (macports) - \ref{sec:macportsrc}
200     \item MacOS (homebrew) - \ref{sec:homebrewsrc}
201     \item FreeBSD - \ref{sec:freebsdsrc}
202     \end{itemize}
203 jfenwick 4383
204 jfenwick 4439 Once these are done proceed to Section~\ref{sec:cleanup} for cleanup steps.
205 jfenwick 4384
206 jfenwick 4439 All of these instructions assume that you have obtained the source (uncompressed it if necessary).
207     \subsection{Debian}\label{sec:debsrc}
208 jfenwick 4384
209 jfenwick 4439 \begin{shellCode}
210     sudo aptitude install python-dev python-numpy libboost-python-dev libnetcdf-dev
211 sshaw 4551 sudo aptitude install scons lsb-release
212 jfenwick 4439 sudo aptitude install python-sympy python-matplotlib python-scipy
213     sudo aptitude install python-pyproj python-gdal
214     \end{shellCode}
217     \begin{optionalstep}
218     If for some reason, you wish to rebuild the documentation, you would also need the following:
219     \begin{shellCode}
220     sudo aptitude install python-sphinx doxygen python-docutils texlive
221     sudo aptitude install ghostscript texlive-latex-extra latex-xcolor
222     \end{shellCode}
223     \end{optionalstep}
225 caltinay 4491 \noindent In the source directory execute the following (substitute squeeze or wheezy as appropriate for XXXX):
226 jfenwick 4439 \begin{shellCode}
227     scons -j1 options_file=scons/os/XXXX_options.py
228     \end{shellCode}
230 caltinay 4491 \noindent If you wish to test your build, you can use the following:
231 jfenwick 4439 \begin{shellCode}
232     scons -j1 py_tests options_file=scons/os/XXXX_options.py
233     \end{shellCode}
235     \subsection{Ubuntu}\label{sec:ubsrc}
237 jfenwick 4440 If you have not installed \texttt{aptitude}, then substitute \texttt{apt-get} in the following.
238     \begin{shellCode}
239     sudo aptitude install python-dev python-numpy libboost-python-dev libnetcdf-dev
240 sshaw 4551 sudo aptitude install scons lsb-release
241 jfenwick 4440 sudo aptitude install python-sympy python-matplotlib python-scipy
242     sudo aptitude install python-pyproj python-gdal
243     \end{shellCode}
246     \begin{optionalstep}
247     If for some reason, you wish to rebuild the documentation, you would also need the following:
248     \begin{shellCode}
249     sudo aptitude install python-sphinx doxygen python-docutils texlive
250     sudo aptitude install ghostscript texlive-latex-extra latex-xcolor
251     \end{shellCode}
252     \end{optionalstep}
254 caltinay 4491 \noindent In the source directory execute the following (substitute precise, quantal or raring as appropriate for XXXX):
255 jfenwick 4440 \begin{shellCode}
256     scons -j1 options_file=scons/os/XXXX_options.py
257     \end{shellCode}
259 caltinay 4491 \noindent If you wish to test your build, you can use the following:
260 jfenwick 4440 \begin{shellCode}
261     scons -j1 py_tests options_file=scons/os/XXXX_options.py
262     \end{shellCode}
266 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{OpenSuse}\label{sec:susesrc}
267 jfenwick 4384 These instructions were prepared using release $12.3$.
269 caltinay 4491 \noindent Install packages from the main distribution:
270 jfenwick 4384 \begin{shellCode}
271     sudo yast2 --install libboost_python1_49_0 python-devel python-numpy
272     sudo yast2 --install python-scipy python-sympy python-matplotlib libnetcdf_c++-devel
273     sudo yast2 --install gcc-c++ scons boost-devel netcdf-devel
274     \end{shellCode}
275     These will allow you to use most features except some parts of the \downunder inversion library.
276     If you wish to use those, you will need some additional packages [python-pyproj, python-gdal].
277     This can be done after Escript installation.
279     \begin{optionalstep}
280     Add \url{http://ftp.suse.de/pub/opensuse/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_12.3/}
281     to your repositories in \texttt{YaST}.
282     \begin{shellCode}
283     sudo yast2 --install python-pyproj, python-gdal
284     \end{shellCode}
285     \end{optionalstep}
287     Now to build escript itself.
288     In the escript source directory:
289     \begin{shellCode}
290     scons -j1 options_file=scons/os/opensuse12.3_options.py
291     \end{shellCode}
293 caltinay 4491 \noindent If you wish to test your build, you can use the following:
294 jfenwick 4384 \begin{shellCode}
295     scons -j1 py_tests options_file=scons/os/opensuse12.3_options.py
296     \end{shellCode}
298 caltinay 4491 \noindent Now go to Section~\ref{sec:cleanup} for cleanup.
299 jfenwick 4384
300 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{Centos}\label{sec:centossrc}
301 jfenwick 4384 These instructions were prepared using release $6.4$.
303 caltinay 4491 \noindent Install packages from the main distribution:
304 jfenwick 4384 \begin{shellCode}
305     yum install python-devel numpy scipy scons boost-devel
306     yum install python-matplotlib gcc-g++
307     yum install boost-python
308     \end{shellCode}
310     The above packages will allow you to use most features except saving and loading files in \texttt{netCDF}
311     format and the \downunder inversion library.
312     If you wish to use those features, you will need to install some additional packages.
313     NetCDF needs to be installed when you compile if you wish to use it.
314     \begin{optionalstep}
315 caltinay 4491 \noindent Add the \texttt{EPEL} repository.
316 jfenwick 4384 \begin{shellCode}
317     rpm -U http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
318     \end{shellCode}
320     \begin{shellCode}
321     yum install netcdf-devel sympy gdal-python
322     \end{shellCode}
323 caltinay 4491 \end{optionalstep}
324 jfenwick 4384
325 caltinay 4491 \noindent For some coordinate transformations, \downunder can also make use of the python interface to a tool called \texttt{proj}.
326 jfenwick 4384 There does not seem to be an obvious centos repository for this though.
327     If it turns out to be necessary for your particular application, the source can be downloaded.
329 caltinay 4491 \noindent Now to build escript itself.
330 jfenwick 4384 In the escript source directory:
331     \begin{shellCode}
332     scons -j1 options_file=scons/os/centos6.4_options.py
333     \end{shellCode}
335 caltinay 4491 \noindent If you wish to test your build, you can use the following:
336 jfenwick 4384 \begin{shellCode}
337     scons -j1 py_tests options_file=scons/os/centos6.4_options.py
338     \end{shellCode}
340 caltinay 4491 \noindent Now go to Section~\ref{sec:cleanup} for cleanup.
341 jfenwick 4384
342 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{Fedora}\label{sec:fedorasrc}
343 jfenwick 4384 These instructions were prepared using release $18$.
345 caltinay 4491 \noindent Install packages
346 jfenwick 4384 \begin{shellCode}
347     yum install netcdf-cxx-devel gcc-c++ scipy
348     yum install sympy scons pyproj gdal python-matplotlib
349     yum install boost-devel
350     \end{shellCode}
352 caltinay 4491 \noindent Now to build escript itself.
353 jfenwick 4384 In the escript source directory:
354     \begin{shellCode}
355     scons -j1 options_file=scons/os/fedora18_options.py
356     \end{shellCode}
358 caltinay 4491 \noindent If you wish to test your build, you can use the following:
359 jfenwick 4384 \begin{shellCode}
360     scons -j1 py_tests options_file=scons/os/fedora18_options.py
361     \end{shellCode}
363 caltinay 4491 \noindent Now go to Section~\ref{sec:cleanup} for cleanup.
364 jfenwick 4384
365 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{MacOS (macports)}\label{sec:macportsrc}
367 caltinay 4491 \begin{shellCode}
368     port install python27
369     port select --set python python27
370     port install scons
371     port install openmpi
372     port install py27-numpy
373     port install boost
374     port install py27-sympy
375     port select --set py-sympy py27-sympy
376     install py27-scipy
377     install py27-pyproj
378     install py27-gdal
379     install py27-netcdf4
380     install netcdf-cxx
381     \end{shellCode}
383     \begin{shellCode}
384     scons -j1 options_file=scons/os/macports_options.py
385     \end{shellCode}
388 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{MacOS (homebrew)}\label{sec:homebrewsrc}
390 caltinay 4491 Note that these steps add ``non-official'' packages.
391     You will also want to make sure that the homebrew Python is executed in preference to the system
392     Python\footnote{Putting \texttt{/usr/local/bin} at the front of your PATH is one way to do this.}.
394     \begin{shellCode}
395     brew install scons
396     brew install python
397     brew install boost
398     brew tap samueljohn/python
399     brew tap homebrew/science
400     pip install nose
401     brew install gfortran
402     brew install samueljohn/python/numpy
403     brew install scipy
404     brew install gdal
405     brew install openmpi
406     brew install matplotlib
407     brew install netcdf --enable-cxx-compat
408     \end{shellCode}
410     There do not appear to be formulae for \texttt{sympy} or \texttt{pyproj} so if you wish to use those features, then
411     you will need to install them separately.
414     \begin{shellCode}
415     scons -j1 options_file=scons/os/homebrew_options.py
416     \end{shellCode}
419 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{FreeBSD}\label{sec:freebsdsrc}
420 jfenwick 4450 The following was tested on the $9.1$ release of FreeBSD.
421     It passes the majority of tests but there is an issue related to some features in the inversion library.
422     The following set of installations ``works'' but is not guaranteed to be minimal\footnote{Depending on your needs you might be able to
423     get by with a smaller set of packages.}.
424 jfenwick 4439
425 jfenwick 4450 Install the following packages:
426     \begin{itemize}
427     \item subversion
428     \item scons
429     \item boost-python-libs
430     \item bash
431     \end{itemize}
432 jfenwick 4439
433 jfenwick 4450 Now install the following ports:
434     \begin{itemize}
435     \item science/py-scipy
436     \item science/py-netCDF4
437     \item math/sympy
438     \item graphics/py-pyproj
439     \item graphics/py-gdal
440     \item net/openmpi
441     \end{itemize}
442 jfenwick 4439
443 jfenwick 4450 You will need to add \texttt{/usr/local/mpi/openmpi/bin} to your path if you wish to build with MPI.
445     Next choose (or create) your options file.
446     In this case we have three prepared in the \texttt{scons/os} directory:
447     \begin{itemize}
448     \item \texttt{freebsd91_options.py}
449     \item \texttt{freebsd91_mpi_options.py} If you would like to use MPI.
450     \item \texttt{freebsd91_gcc46_options.py} Use this if you have managed to change compilers to gcc4.6 (and would like to use OpenMP).
451     \end{itemize}
453     In the escript source directory (where ZZZ is your options file):
454     \begin{shellCode}
455     scons -j1 options_file=ZZZ
456     \end{shellCode}
460 jfenwick 4439 \subsection{Other Systems / Custom Builds}\label{sec:othersrc}
462 jfenwick 4440 \escript has support for a number of optional packages.
463     Some, like \texttt{netcdf} need to be enabled at compile time, while others, such as \texttt{sympy} and the projection packages
464     used in \downunder are checked at run time.
465     For the second type, you can install them at any time (ensuring that python can find them) and they should work.
466     For the first type, you need to modify the options file and recompile with scons.
467     The rest of this section deals with this.
469     To avoid having to specify the options file each time you run scons, copy an existing \texttt{_options.py} file from the
470     \texttt{scons/} or \texttt{scons/os/} directories. Put the file in the \texttt{scons} directory and name
471     it \textit{yourmachinename}\texttt{_options.py}.\footnote{If the name
472     has - or other non-alpha characters, they must be replaced with underscores in the filename}.
473     For example: on a machine named toybox, the file would be \texttt{scons/toybox_options.py}.
475     Individual lines can be enabled/disabled, by removing or adding \# (the python comment character) to the beginning of the line.
476     For example, to enable OpenMP, change the line
477     \begin{verbatim}
478     #openmp = True
479     \end{verbatim}
480     to
481     \begin{verbatim}
482     openmp = True
483     \end{verbatim}.
485     If you are using libraries which are not installed in the standard places (or have different names) you will need to
486     change the relevant lines.
487     A common need for this would be using a more recent version of the boostpython library.
489     You can also change the compiler or the options passed to it by modifying the relevant lines.
491     \subsubsection*{MPI}
492 caltinay 4491 If you wish to enable or disable MPI, or if you wish to use a different implementation of MPI, you can use the \texttt{mpi}
493     configuration variable.
494     To disable MPI use, \verb|mpi = 'none'|.
495 jfenwick 4440 You will also need to ensure that the \texttt{mpi_prefix} and \texttt{mpi_libs} variables are uncommented and set correctly.
497     \subsubsection{Python3}
498     \escript works with \texttt{python3} but until recently, many distributions have not distributed python3 versions of their packages.
499     You can try it out though by modifying the following variables:
501     \begin{verbatim}
502     pythoncmd='python3'
503     \end{verbatim}
505     \begin{verbatim}
506     usepython3=True
507     \end{verbatim}
509     \begin{verbatim}
510     pythonlibname='whateveryourpython3libraryiscalled'
511     \end{verbatim}
516     \subsubsection{Testing}
517     As indicated earlier, you can test your build using \texttt{scons py_tests}.
518     Note however, that some features like texttt{netCDF} are optional for using \escript, the tests will report a failure if
519     they are missing.
521 jfenwick 4384 \section{Cleaning up}
522     \label{sec:cleanup}
524     Once the build (and optional testing) is complete, you can remove everything except:
525     \begin{itemize}
526     \item bin
527     \item esys
528     \item lib
529     \item doc
530     \item CREDITS.TXT
531     \item README_LICENSE
532     \end{itemize}
533     The last two aren't strictly required for operation.
534     The \texttt{doc} directory is not required either but does contain examples of escript scripts.
536     You can run escript using \texttt{\textit{path_to_escript_files}/bin/run-escript}.
537     Where \texttt{\textit{path_to_escript_files}} is replaced with the real path.
539     \begin{optionalstep}
540     You can add the escript \texttt{bin} directory to your \texttt{PATH} variable.
541     The launcher will then take care of the rest of the environment.
542     \end{optionalstep}
544 jfenwick 4439 \section{Optional Extras}
545 jfenwick 4440
546     Some other packages which might be useful include:
547     \begin{itemize}
548     \item support for silo format (install the relevant libraries and enable them in the options file).
549     \item Visit --- visualisation package. Can be used independently but our \texttt{weipa} library can make a Visit
550     plug-in to allow direct visualisation of escript files.
551     \item gmsh --- meshing software used by our \texttt{pycad} library.
552     \item mayavi --- another visualisation tool.
553     \end{itemize}
556 jfenwick 4384 %Need a better title but this is stuff like visit and silo (for non-debian distros)
557 jfenwick 4439 %Perhaps - optional extras
558 jfenwick 4384

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